In Rural Japan, a 370-Year-Old Tradition Falls to One Child

In Rural Japan, a 370-Year-Old Tradition Falls to One Child


SHITARA, Japan — A lot more than three hundreds of years of custom rest on Mao Takeshita’s narrow shoulders.

Mao is 6 several years aged and swaddled in a heavy kimono, her deal with lined in the thick white greasepaint of a Kabuki actor. Before her, an viewers of hundreds sits on tatami mats. She steps ahead, toward the footlights, and performs a dance, then introduces herself in the droning design and style of an historic soliloquy.

Her visual appearance is an initiation of kinds, and Mao does it by yourself. When the new tutorial year commences, she will be the sole first grader at her faculty in Damine, a village in mountainous central Japan, in which she will be a part of a lengthy but dwindling line of children who have carried out the stylized dramas of Kabuki.

Every single 12 months, the college students invest months getting ready for their roles in an elaborate output staged by the villagers in honor of a Buddhist goddess. The intense determination to the general performance, for which Damine’s citizens create a temporary theater from bamboo, has aided preserve the elementary college alive even as lots of other folks across rural Japan have shut for absence of young children.

As Damine contends with the similar forces decimating other Japanese villages — an getting older populace and an exodus to cities — this ritual stretching back a dozen generations may possibly one particular day disappear. But for now, its magical top quality endures.

The atonal chanting of the chorus, combined with the whine of the banjo-like samisen, transports the audience, bundled from the chilly in the darkened theater, to a Japan far taken off from the bustling streets of modern-day Tokyo or Osaka.

At the coronary heart of the effectiveness, held just about every February, are the children. Energized as they set on their makeup backstage, they sprint across the hanamichi, a slim secondary stage wherever the direct actors make their remarkable appearances, then stomp their toes and brandish their swords. The group roars its acceptance, throwing sachets crammed with coins at the stage, exactly where they land in a metallic patter.

This 12 months, there were being 11 young performers. But following Mao enters first quality, some lessons that adhere to at Damine Elementary will have no pupils at all.

Much more than 15 years in the past, not very long immediately after I completed higher education, I taught English to Damine’s students one working day a 7 days as section of a Japanese authorities program that provides younger people today from overseas to operate at colleges and federal government places of work close to the nation.

For the duration of the chilly winter months in the mountains, I researched the principles of Kabuki with the youngsters, appearing twice on the stage in the theater erected following to the regional temple to Kannon, the goddess of mercy.

I performed slight roles: a samurai’s faithful retainer and a bumbling innkeeper. I stumbled through the archaic Japanese dialogue alongside grown ups who experienced performed their roles because childhood and sent their traces with the verve and confidence of experts. They know their pieces so nicely, they declare, that they can complete them without having rehearsing.

For the college students, the months of preparing acquire area within the school, an old-fashioned wood constructing with three lecture rooms, a library and a tiny auditorium the place they gather for audio practice and lunch.

Photos that line the prolonged central hallway exhibit more than 100 years of graduating lessons. It is a tale of decrease, starting with stern black-and-white photos of groups of children clad in kimonos and ending in color snapshots of just one or two kids in stiff Western attire, outnumbered by their teachers.

Damine’s competition is, in some respects, a living fossil. It is a single of the couple performances however held outside in a temporary pavilion designed for the event. Its origins trace again much more than 370 years, to a time when Japan was dominated by a shogunate that strictly controlled day-to-day daily life.

Kabuki festivals are a custom in the bordering region, Chubu — whose identify, which translates as “central component,” is geographically literal but also traditionally resonant. The warlords who contended to unify the nation in the late 16th century called the location dwelling.

Citizens in Damine say their pageant started with a wonder. A person summer time, the tale goes, a group of adult males went into the shogun’s woods and stole some timber to rebuild a nearby temple, a money offense.

Following the feudal authorities despatched an official to investigate, villagers prayed for Kannon to help save them, pledging that as very long as even a few homes remained in Damine, they would maintain a festival in her honor each calendar year.

A freak blizzard stopped the official from entering the village, according to lore, and there has been a efficiency just about every calendar year considering that, even throughout World War II.

The undertaking of training the little ones Kabuki now falls to Suzume Ichikawa, 82, who travels the pageant circuit with a tiny team of old theater fingers, coaching younger actors by means of their performances.

As a teenager, Ms. Ichikawa joined a troupe of youthful ladies who done all around the nation, a kind of prototypical model of the female teams that rule Japan’s fashionable pop scene.

A long time later, she cuts a graceful figure as she operates students by means of their strains and demonstrates the emphatic movements and hanging poses that have become shorthand for Japan’s most popular standard theater.

Ms. Ichikawa thinks Damine’s Kabuki pageant is the oldest of its variety in the location. But it’s not clear how considerably longer it can last: Not only the small children, but their academics, too, are disappearing.

At the time Ms. Ichikawa is absent, she doesn’t know who will consider her location. No a person is ready to make a comprehensive-time determination to Kabuki any much more, she explained. The small children, if there are any, will “probably have to study by observing a movie,” she mentioned glumly as she waited for the older people to get started their rehearsal.

Although the pageant has remained mostly the same by way of the years, the village, and the township to which it belongs, Shitara, have modified in strategies massive and modest.

In the time given that I lived there, Shitara has been diminished. Numerous of the outdated-fashioned Japanese-model inns that lined the most important road have gone out of business enterprise.

In excess of a meal of Japanese beef with the Sofa Potatoes, an English conversation club I utilised to instruct, just one of the members, Taeko Goto, reminisced about the Shitara of her youth, when the town had two motion picture theaters. A educate line ran together the river and down via the mountains, in which loggers harvested the uncooked materials employed to rebuild postwar Japan.

The railroad shut down in the 1960s. Now there is just a bus that slowly and gradually wends its way to the town of Shinshiro, about an hour away. On most times, the bus is just about empty.

Shitara also exhibits confounding signals of growth, even though: The countrywide federal government has pumped tax dollars into the township as component of a quixotic attempt at rural renewal.

As in quite a few small towns and villages in Japan, large, modern-day and artfully created public properties sit beside old wooden homes and rusty, age-stained retailers built of concrete and corrugated steel.

The musty town hall wherever I worked for two a long time has been demolished. A new 1, all wood and glass, has appeared in the centre of town. In which winding, narrow roads the moment scarcely permitted a person motor vehicle to go, now extensive thoroughfares are staying manufactured to minimize by way of the mountains.

I worked in the town’s organizing division, and my co-staff expended their times dreaming up techniques for attracting youthful persons to the village.

At the time, Damine was aggressively wooing citizens from nearby metropolitan areas, building roomy new houses and promoting them at eye-catching price ranges to people searching for fresh air and a alter of landscapes.

One particular of them was Takeko Takeshita — no relation to Mao — who moved to the village in her 30s, on the lookout for a additional nurturing setting for her twin women, who experienced struggled in significant-city colleges.

“The twins just did so substantially far better right here,” mentioned Ms. Takeshita, who works for a local collective that would make tea harvested from the terraced hills all over the elementary college.

But of the 13 small children I taught in Damine, only two continue to be. Better work are readily accessible a somewhat quick shift away, at the headquarters of Toyota and in cities like Nagoya in the country’s industrial heartland.

Ms. Takeshita’s possess daughters have returned to the cities they remaining as children. A person is a nurse and one particular a law enforcement officer.

The town’s only real expansion business is elder treatment. There are 70 new employment at the nursing households that have sprung up on its outskirts, mentioned Masahiro Toyama, who once labored in my area in the city hall and is now head of the town’s schooling department.

This year, the township programs to begin consulting with villagers about Damine Elementary’s potential. It is contemplating merging the university with 1 of the some others in a nearby valley.

“It’s a tough trouble,” Mr. Toyama explained. “Closing the college would be like tearing out the village’s soul.”

Makiko Inoue contributed reporting.



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